Classification#

import pandas as pd
import sklearn
import sklearn.model_selection
import sklearn.datasets
import vowpalwabbit
iris_dataset = sklearn.datasets.load_iris()
iris_dataframe = pd.DataFrame(
    data=iris_dataset.data, columns=iris_dataset.feature_names
)
# vw expects labels starting from 1
iris_dataframe["y"] = iris_dataset.target + 1
training_data, testing_data = sklearn.model_selection.train_test_split(
    iris_dataframe, test_size=0.2
)
def to_vw_format(row):
    res = f"{int(row.y)} |"
    for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
        feature_name = idx.replace(" ", "_").replace("(", "").replace(")", "")
        res += f" {feature_name}:{value}"
    return res

Vowpal Wabbit input format#

Vowpal Wabbit has its own input format we can use. Let’s see what it looks like.

for ex in training_data.head(10).apply(to_vw_format, axis=1):
    print(ex)
2 | sepal_length_cm:5.7 sepal_width_cm:2.8 petal_length_cm:4.5 petal_width_cm:1.3
1 | sepal_length_cm:5.4 sepal_width_cm:3.9 petal_length_cm:1.3 petal_width_cm:0.4
1 | sepal_length_cm:5.1 sepal_width_cm:3.3 petal_length_cm:1.7 petal_width_cm:0.5
2 | sepal_length_cm:5.4 sepal_width_cm:3.0 petal_length_cm:4.5 petal_width_cm:1.5
3 | sepal_length_cm:7.2 sepal_width_cm:3.0 petal_length_cm:5.8 petal_width_cm:1.6
1 | sepal_length_cm:5.7 sepal_width_cm:4.4 petal_length_cm:1.5 petal_width_cm:0.4
3 | sepal_length_cm:6.8 sepal_width_cm:3.0 petal_length_cm:5.5 petal_width_cm:2.1
3 | sepal_length_cm:7.4 sepal_width_cm:2.8 petal_length_cm:6.1 petal_width_cm:1.9
3 | sepal_length_cm:7.3 sepal_width_cm:2.9 petal_length_cm:6.3 petal_width_cm:1.8
3 | sepal_length_cm:6.9 sepal_width_cm:3.1 petal_length_cm:5.1 petal_width_cm:2.3
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
vw = vowpalwabbit.Workspace("--oaa 3 --quiet")

# learn from training set with multiple passes
for example in training_data.apply(to_vw_format, axis=1):
    vw.learn(example)

# predict from the testing set
predictions = []
for example in testing_data.apply(to_vw_format, axis=1):
    predicted_class = vw.predict(example)
    predictions.append(predicted_class)
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
/tmp/ipykernel_2351/3520888690.py:3: FutureWarning: iteritems is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use .items instead.
  for idx, value in row.drop(["y"]).iteritems():
accuracy = len(testing_data[testing_data.y == predictions]) / len(testing_data)

print(f"Model accuracy {accuracy}")
Model accuracy 0.9666666666666667